Tulsi (Scientific name: Ocimum tenuiflorum, English name: Holy Basil) is one of the most popular plant in history of India. Queen of herbs or Plant of Tulsi is worshiped equivalent to God as it has its name mentioned in our holy scriptures for worshiping Lord Vishnu and his avatars like Krishna and Ram. Tulsi also has numerous ayurvedic healing or medicinal properties.
Tulsi belongs to Lamiaceae (mint) family, hence is sometimes also referred as cousin of sweet basil. In west world, Tulsi or Holy Basil commands respect like no other herb as scientists have globally acclaimed the benefits and medicinal properties of this plant. In India we mainly have 4 types of Tulsi:
1. Rama Tulsi
Rama Tulsi (Scientific name: Ocimum Sanctum Common name: Light Holy Basil)
Rama Tulsi is used to cure Fever, Cough, Leucoderma, Heart and Liver Tonic, Paralysis etc. Light Holy Basil Tulsi has green leaves with white-purplish flowers and green or purplish stem. Rama Tulsi is lighter in shade due to its cooling properties.
2. Krishna Tulsi
Krishna Tulsi (Scientific name: Ocimum Tenuiflorum Common name: Dark Holy Basil)
Krishna Tulsi is used to bronchitis, Malaria Fever, Asthma, Urino-genital disorder, Vomiting, Ear ache, Diabetes, Anti-bacterial, Anti Tuberculosis, Leucoderma etc. Dark Holy Tulsi has dark purple leaves with a strong aroma, peppery crisp taste, dark stems and Leaves Smaller than Rama Tulsi.
3. Vana Tulsi
Vana Tulsi (Scientific name: Ocimum Gratissimum Common name: Wild Leaf Holy Basil)
Vana Tulsi is used to cure Malaria Fever, Tuberculosis, Diabetes, Asthma, Urino-genital Disease etc. Wild leaf Tulsi has appearance similar to Rama Tulsi but has white flower, stronger aroma and is taller than other forms of Tulsi.
4. Kapoor Tulsi
Rama Tulsi (Scientific name: Ocimum Tenuiflorum Common name: Dark Holy Basil)
Kapoor Tulsi is used to cure Dysentery, Chronic Diarrhoea, Anti-fungal, Cough, Indigestion, Eczema, Snake bite etc. Kapoor Tulsi is commonly found in USA as it can be grown in temperate gardens. It also attracts many bees due to strong aroma.